Thursday, 17 April 2014

Memories of Life in the Army by Chelsea Pensioner John Hynes

In memory of the late John Hynes 1920 - 2013

"I had four brothers; we were very close you know. Christopher – he was in Malta, right through the siege in Malta, and then he went to Africa, Africa to Sicily, Sicily to Italy and that’s where he finished there, when the war finished. Another brother went to France with me, and he was in right through to Berlin. And the other brother, as I say was with Monty. I was in the Engineers, posted to Haydock Racecourse. In those days, with all the people coming into the army, there wasn't enough space to train them really, so they took over Haydock Racecourse and we used to sleep in the stables.

"The fighting in France – the Germans drove us out of France really, and they would have invaded here but I think they went into Russia instead. If they hadn’t had gone into Russia I think they would have took over here. June 6th, we landed in Bayeux and we built an airstrip near Caen, so the planes could land and refuel so they could attack.

Caen - devastated in WWII

"They couldn't get back to England, you see to refuel – you had to refuel where you were. We were under shell-fire a lot, naturally, because the Germans had come over, taken photographs and they were trying to bomb the airstrip we were trying to build. It took about a month to get past Caen. Once we got past Caen, the next stop was a place called Argences. We built another strip there, and we were held up there by the Jerries. As we went further on into Belgium, where it was quiet, we put a strip down.

"The day the war finished, the Germans were coming through with white flags and our commanding officer said they’re going now to sign the surrender at Monty’s HQ. Now our George, my brother, actually put the table down where they signed the surrender.

On 4th May 1945, the German armed forces in Western Europe formally surrendered to Field Marshall Montgomery

"The Germans came then, four of them and they went into it and they had to sign the surrender. We were watching it, you know, we weren’t actually involved with it; we were just watching it from the outside. I got back to my unit and we made our way into Hamburg. We were the first troops into Hamburg and we got sent through a place called Langenhorn, it was like a big military hospital, for German troops that had been fighting in Russia, a lot of them with no arms and legs with frostbite, some of the men in a very bad way. Germany was in a very bad way then, you know. A lot of bombing went on in England but nothing in comparison to what was done there. Hamburg was obliterated.

"My youngest grand-daughter, Clare, she said, “Why not apply to the Chelsea Pensioners?” I said, “I’m 88 now, they wouldn’t let me in”, and she said, “Well I’m going to find out”. She did all the forms for me. It’s marvellous really the way we’re cared for, everyone is very good, marvellous."

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Wednesday, 12 February 2014

Memories of a Chelsea Pensioner: 'The End of My War' by Chelsea Pensioner George Bayliss

'I was transferred into the second battalion of the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire regiment, and we were posted to a place called Bougie, just outside Algiers. From there, we were sent to Egypt, where we did all our mine training. When we were actually working, we were individuals, but if I made a mistake, if I went up, my mates went up. Our officer used to tell us we were allowed one mistake, and we'd never make a second.

George enjoying the company of a Battersea Dogs & Cats Home resident
The memory that sticks out in my mind most about mines was at Monte Cassino. The Germans were up on the hill looking straight down on us and we had to clear all the mines where the bridge was coming over. We cleared all that, that was after crossing the river in little boats. Then when the bridge was up we had to get the tanks over. You've got a job to do, and you just get on with it.

George (front right) enjoying a day trip to the Hurlingham Club
We were based in Northern Italy, just north of Rimini. We were resting at that time, having been at the line for a couple of days. We had this message come through, our officer said "A and D company walks down into the minefield" - they wanted us to take our jeeps forward and then go and get the mines out. Well, we went out and the first jeep went over OK, the second jeep, OK. I was in the third jeep. We got a little way along the road and WHOOOOF; our back wheel went over a mine. I was blown about 15 or 20 yards up the road. That was the end of my war. You never forget. Life is what you make it.'

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Thursday, 30 January 2014

Memories of a Chelsea Pensioner: William Titchmarsh the Bren-Gunner

In memory of the late William Titchmarsh 1921 - 2013

"I was a Bren-Gunner, I liked the Bren Gun. There was one chap in a bit of hand to hand fighting and I got him down, and I had my Bren Gun with me, and I hit him with this Bren Gun, I couldn’t fire it because he was on the ground you see, and he kept on calling for his mother, and that has kept with me. 

But there is one thing that remains in my memory until I die – that’s my little mate Willy Williams. He was a music teacher, tall – we were 19, 20, 21 years of age. No good as a soldier. They put him with me, you see. I had said, “Excuse me Sir you know that Willy Williams, he’s got a terrible squint, no disrespect sir but he’s a music teacher, he’s classed for music”, “Oh well he said, you look after him and I’ll tell the Sergeant”. And he kept with me all along. We were in an attack, a whole brigade attack. We were all ready to go forward of course and our guns opened up and it was hell, absolute hell, we were in a big ditch, you know. Well, the chap on my right was killed, and I don’t know what happened to my mate Willy on the left there, he disappeared. I stood up and there wasn’t a scratch on me, and I saw this fella there, he had a hole nearly the size of the top of his back. I took him to the doctor and I shouted, and he said “He’s still alive Sir”, “Still alive?” I said. And then I saw this fella - I’ve never seen anybody so covered in bandages, his legs were covered up, his chest, his arms, his head, “Are you alright mate?” I said, “Do you want a fag?” and it was Willy.

After the war, I went to his house and his wife, a young lady, took me up to the bedroom and he was sitting on the bed on his backside. His right arm was off, his left leg was off and when I went downstairs, the nurse was there to dress him; he had harnesses all around him. I like to think that she didn’t say it, but she told me not to call again. I don’t know why she said it; she was so distressed with me walking around. I wake up at night thinking about it.

I was with some very good people [in the Army] and I stayed with them, I refused promotion because I wanted to stay with these people, and they looked up to me. I was in hospital and came out and got to my unit, and then got a truck back to my division and then back to my battalion and then back to my company and the boys were glad to see me, because we were brothers together."

William shaking hands with HRH Prince Henry of Wales at Founders Day 2011

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Tuesday, 24 December 2013

The Night Before Christmas (Chelsea Style) - written by Kate Hodge


‘Twas the night before Christmas and all through the place,
 The I.P’s were sleeping, a smile on each face.
No doubt each reliving a Christmas gone by,
One turned with a chuckle, another one sighed.
Outside over roof tops now laden with snow,
A jolly old gentleman gaily did go,
Full well did he realize and understood too,
That these adults no longer believed he was true.
The problem, of course, was that they had grown up
And forsaken, with childhood, that “Santa Claus” stuff.
He wasn’t offended, he simply felt sad,
Remembering all the fine times that they’d had,
When still with the trusting of innocent youth,
They’d believed in him wholly – accepting the truth.
Well! obviously now they wouldn’t want toys,
So what could he leave them?  these fine old boys.
He rummaged around in his sleigh full of sacks,
Whilst the reindeer kept shaking the snow from their backs.
At last he uncovered the box that he sought,
Marked  “Special Gifts Only – these cannot be bought”.
He carefully sorted each package with care,
Ensuring that each I.P. got his fair share.
Some Love and Respect; some Consideration;
Some Peace and Contentment and Anticipation of
Calm and Tranquility, Humour and Health
And a great deal of those things each wished for himself.
He smiled as he wrapped up each portion in prayer,
For he knew they would never believe he’d been there.
Then leaving his gifts, for each Soul sleeping sound.
He climbed back aboard and continued this rounds.

                                                          Kate Hodge   London 1990

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Monday, 16 December 2013

A guest post from our Writer-in-residence, Kate Monro, featuring Chelsea Pensioner Chris Melia

There are so many points of interest in Chris Melia's story that it's a nice challenge to know where to begin. Let's start with some historic detail. The Welfare State in the UK didn't exist in quite the same way when Chris was a boy. Born in 1927 and growing up in the 1930's, most British people had to manage on what they had, even those who couldn't work, who were sick or caring for family. Consequently, a different climate existed, particularly amongst the working classes. One where people looked out for one another and pulled together in tough times. Chris summarises the idea thus: "if your mother and your father had gone out, your next door neighbour would ask 'what d'ya want lad?' and I'd say 'I want a jam buttie' and they would give you a big jam buttie. See what I mean...?'

I like to think of this as the era of community parenting. Because by the same token, if said neighbour saw you misbehaving whilst your parents were out, you'd be just as likely to get a clip around the ear and for better or worse, Social Services would not be beating a path to your neighbours front door! A community parented a child and as such, a child sat up and paid attention to their elders. All of their elders.

On a personal note, this explains the plethora of elderly people waving walking sticks and shouting 'your generation have no respect. We fought a war for the likes of you' at children like me in the 1970's. Times had changed and with the best will in the world, we weren't really sure what they meant when they said this. The war might have been present in our parent's minds. Everything got eaten in our house for instance. Nothing was wasted and we were given frequent reminders of a strange concept called 'rationing'. But we grew up in a more constricted environment where we reported in to biological parents only - and the welfare state was up and running. It was difficult to understand what our parents meant when generally speaking, people appeared to have what they needed by the 1970's. Chris's generation, on the other hand, had to get extremely creative with the weekly 'shopping' out of sheer necessity. His neighbours relied upon him for it.

What I also like about this story is that despite the hardship - and the heartache - Chris tells us a story about the war with an unexpected perspective, that of excitement. I'll leave it to him to explain how, for him and his brothers, all was well, not only with the world, but also with the war.

Chris Melia, born in 1927.

My childhood

'I grew up in the docklands of Liverpool and it was a raw old place in those days. You had to be a bit hard to survive but it was a marvellous place to be. You got so many different types of people and influences. I knew those docks like the back of my hand and I could get into any of them because as young lads we were always mischievous. We were always down there and we knew exactly what ship was carrying what.

Copyright of Liverpool Records Office
Another area of our 'operations' was 'Paddies Market' in Great Homer Street. This was an Aladdin's cave of goodies where we employed all the devious means at our disposal to relieve the stall holders of some of the items we considered surplus to their requirements - and divide what they 'donated' to our less fortunate neighbours. We would wait until 4.30pm on Saturday afternoon to beg or borrow as much fruit and veg as we could carry as some of the residents on Lower Bond Street depended on us for their Sunday dinner. With hindsight, I believe that many of the store holders turned a blind eye to our activities provided we didn't get too ambitious.

But they were great days. Fortunately for me, our school got bombed during a raid in May 1939. One of the good things about school was that at 12 years old, I had already had as good an education as these children get today. They insisted upon the 3 R's. Reading, writing and arithmetic. 'Get those three and the world's your oyster' they used to say - and I did. But when the school got bombed , they lost all records of who was supposed to be there. As far as I was concerned, that was me and education finished. The truant masters were being called up, the police were thin on the ground and the teachers were changing week by week. They didn't know me from Adam.

By this time, my eldest brothers were away at sea and there was only my older sister Agnes, myself and my two younger brothers at home and on 3rd September 1939, we sat in the front room with a couple of neighbours listening to the voice on the radio telling us that war had been declared. Frank and Tony, my two little brothers were out in the back garden digging trenches because they were so excited.

They used to test the air raid siren before the war began and we used to love that too because it stopped school and you went down to the basement where we used to have punch ups and god knows what until the teacher told us to go back up. The girls were just as bad! Alright; from the grown ups point of view, there was a different atmosphere but we thought it was the best thing ever. So that got me to the beginning of the war. Slip trenches were dug in the back garden by Frank and Tony and everything was alright.

The camaraderie and the way that normal people in the street used to help one another in those days sticks in my mind. We used to have what we called the 'Aunty Mary's'. They were old ladies with handcarts and they used to go round gathering clothes and redistributing them. If they saw a child with no shoes or coat and they had something in their cart, they would take it off and put it on the child. That was the atmosphere of the time. They were marvellous people. You were looked after. You could play in the streets. You could go all over the place and you were always OK. There was no luxuries or anything but you didn't miss them because you never had them to miss. All the help in the world was there for you if you needed it because of your neighbours.'

Tragically, just before the war began, in 1938, Chris had lost both his mother and his older sister to illness, leaving his father to care for Chris and his remaining siblings.

'It's a funny one but just shows you the type of man a Liverpudlian is in adversity. When mother died, I was about ten years old but I had been a nosy little buggar you know. We had three aunts and they used to come around every Friday to see my mother and of course when my mother died, they were there with father and they were sharing the children out between themselves. Well, my father hit the roof. He said to them 'there's the front door, get over it and don't ever come back again' and they didn't! Despite this, I decided from a very early age that because of the way the family had gone and the loss of our mother, there was only one way to get what I wanted and that was by my own efforts. That gave me a sense of independence from there onwards; I rolled with the knocks. My father made it quite clear. He said, 'where your life is concerned lad, you have got to make up your mind and if you make a mistake it's your mistake, nobody else's and you take the knock'. I used to go up to the country and go pea and spud picking to make some money. I used to get 2/6 pence a basket so it was well worth it. 2/6 was a lot of money in those days.

In fact, I did odd jobs all over the place just waiting for the day when I was 17 and a half and I could go down to the recruiting office and join up. By then my elder brothers were all in the services of some description and my father was quite happy to see me join up because he'd been in the Army too and that's the way we were in those days. I wanted to get in to uniform as quickly as I could.

Army days

Eventually the day came and I went to Lanark to report to the 10th Field Training Regiment. That was another education. Because asides from a day trip to the seaside, I'd hardly been out of Liverpool. And they'd put me in this foreign country called Scotland. When I landed on that dank March day with all these people wearing kilts and shouting a foreign language, I did think 'Where the hell am I? I've landed on the moon!'

It was exciting and daunting at the same time. But it suited me. It was the sort of life I wanted because we had it rough growing up and all these so called brutal Sergeants and Sergeant Majors. Well, they were pussycats really. When you consider some of the characters from our past, the policemen and the priests, relatively speaking, it wasn't a stretch for me. It wasn't easy. But I adapted. Others couldn't. I did and as far as I was concerned, that was home. It impeded my independence a little but the hard work and the training you did - and doing something different every day, that really appealed to me. I took straight away to Army life.

At that time, the war was coming to an end and the people that were training used to fill the gaps of lads that were being demobbed. So we went out as replacements to Italy. That influenced me. I had seen hardships and problems. I had seen hunger; particularly in the 1930's around Liverpool but Italy was an absolute shambles immediately following the war. In actual fact, they were starving. Our task was to 'aid the civilian powers' - very nice term that one - and we were there to help them as much as we could. What we were doing was bringing in supplies. The food was being unloaded in Venice and distributed out to the rest of Italy. There was an awful lot of fighting going on because of the factions too. There were the fascists, the Communists, there were about 15 or 16 different groups that wanted to take over power so consequently we had a fairly tough old time. Because, as the German's withdrew, they blew virtually everything away: bridges, rail-tracks, everything, so there was no infrastructure. It was an enormous task. And it never stopped. After Italy, we went to Palestine. As we'd finished in Palestine, Malaya blew up.

Those first years in the army were really the learning years and as I went up in rank, I implemented what I'd learnt. I found I could implant that into the younger soldiers that were coming through. Eventually I made Sergeant and then Sergeant Major. I was going on a lot of courses, drill courses, small arms courses, signals, you name it and I took those in my stride because of the education from my early years.'

'Civvy Street'

With tours of Germany, Palestine, Cyprus and Hong Kong amongst others, Chris spent a total of twenty-nine years and nine months in the army. At which point, and wanting to settle in one spot after his wife became ill, he decided to leave and go back to civilian life. He had ideas about opening a bed and breakfast but with impending recession, a friend advised him against it and instead, offered him a job as a bursar at London University, a job that Chris felt, justifiably, he could do 'standing on his head'. Eventually he joined the London School of Economics where he really came into his own.

'It was the late '70's. It was the time when we were having an awful lot of problems with the students. We were having sit-ins and stand-ups. You name it. Everything as going on. I was in my element. I'd only been there a few months... did you ever hear of a student called Tariq Ali? He was the Student Union's rep. He was the one who was always bringing them out on strike. I arrived in Houghton Street and there they all are out in the front.

Tariq Ali at a demonstration in London in 1973
'Where do you thing you're going?' they said. I said 'Well, I'm going up to my office.'

'Oh no you're not'... and I'm thinking, yeah alright. Fair enough, I've been down this road before. So I go upstairs, pick up the phone and shut down the catering organisations. Six hours later I get a call from Tariq Ali saying 'Would you mind coming back and opening up with catering? They're all starving.' And I said 'Well I don't know. Do you think I'd be safe?'

From then onwards, whenever something was going on, they did in actual fact leave me alone so I was quite content and of course the whole thing settled. He was a nice lad Tariq, very sensible, very intelligent. He wanted his own way but when he found out he couldn't have it ALL his own way, he was prepared, not to back down but to back off.'

Becoming a Chelsea Pensioner

Eventually Chris decided to retire and move to the coast but sadly, after battling with illness, he lost his wife. 'That was hard, I must admit. There's things that happen to you throughout your life and you think you can handle anything and I thought I could handle this, but I couldn't. It was difficult. But you know, like everything, you get through it in the end. I stayed in Hove for about ten years, but after that I had the urge to move, to get back to my roots. So I booked a holiday back to Liverpool and I went up there and thought 'Absolutely no way am I going back there! No no no no no. So where shall I go?' My step daughter and I moved to the same town for some years which was lovely but eventually the time came when I'd had enough of civilian life. As soon as I heard I could go to the Royal Hospital Chelsea, I applied and got in. The first thing they did when I got here was to give me a job.

I wouldn't say they were in a poor state, but there was room for improvement when I took over as Assistant Protocol Officer. There was only one computer and, over time, I computerised the entire booking system for Founder's Day which up until that point had been done by hand. I enjoyed a good six years of that job but I gave it up when my powers of concentration waned. I was 82 years old by then. I said 'I am sorry but you need to get somebody else'. That was Nick Clark (who has just completed 5 years in the position).

This was the picture. I was sitting in my office. Nick popped in and I said 'Yes?' And he said 'I believe this job is now becoming vacant'.

I said 'Yes, Why? Are you thinking about it then?' He said yes.

I said 'Have you ever done anything like this before?'

The look of sheer terror on his face... now, as soon as I got that reaction, I knew I had the right person. So we sat down and discussed it and he took over just like that and he's improved on it.'

Looking back

'When you are a soldier, you become a Lance Bombardier where you have a little section and you have five men that you are responsible for. And you've got to think about what's affecting them and as you go up the ranks it gets bigger and you begin to be able to read people. You know when someone is pulling the wool over your eyes and when someone is being really serious about something. It comes naturally to me now. It's an instinct that has been a great help to me in my time.

I also think back to my father. He was a tough old cookie. When the first major raid came in Liverpool, he said 'I don't care what you do; I'm going to bed. If they couldn't get me in the first war, they can have a go at me now'. So we never went to the air raid shelter after that. Oh no. Unless you were out in the city and a policeman would grab you and throw you into one but at home we didn't bother. That was another funny thing. We were always told where we lived we were safe because there was a battery of guns just down the road from us in a park. Only the military could get in there. Well, towards the latter end of the war, we broke in. The guns had never fired a shot. They were dummies. It relieves the tension of the population you see.

But my father had decided that because they'd had a go at him during the first world war, let them have another go now. We took our lead from him and didn't worry about it. He was a very wise old bloke. An awful lot of them were like that in those days. They had a hard life but by god they knew what life was all about.'

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Friday, 22 November 2013

A guest post by Carol Mason - A Remembrance Week Visit to Lisbon

Heads were turning in the Arrivals Hall of Lisbon airport on Friday 8th November when a Chelsea Pensioner walked through in his scarlet uniform. Chelsea Pensioner Brian Cumming MBE had arrived from London to take part in Remembrance ceremonies, both Portuguese and British.

The morning of Saturday 9th it was off to the fort at Belém, headquarters of Portugal´s Liga dos Combatentes.  This organisation is Portugal´s equivalent to The Royal British Legion and actually predates it. For its main Ceremony of Remembrance delegates arrive from all over Portugal and members representing all their Armed Forces are on parade.  

Brian Cumming MBE with General Joaquim Chito Rodrigues

On arrival Brian was received by General Joaquim Chito Rodrigues, President of the Liga and presented him with a Fraternal letter from the Governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea, the home of the Chelsea Pensioners. General Chito in turn presented Brian with a signed book and a commemorative medal before taking him out on to the parade ground.  As the various dignitaries arrived, the troops on parade presented arms and were then inspected by the General Chief of Staff. Speeches ensued, medals and decorations were presented and then it was time to lay the wreaths in memory of the fallen.  

Brian, accompanied by the Lisbon representative of The Royal British Legion lay his wreath, and it was a proud moment seeing this gentleman in scarlet marching up to do so. With the wreath laying completed, the march past began and it was impressive that there were so many standards carried emanating from so many different parts of Portugal. 

Brian with Mark Hanmer from the Royal British Legion
and Carol Mason from the Royal Hospital Chelsea

At the end of it all, despite the many high ranking officers, dignitaries, ministers and others being present, everyone wanted to photograph or be photographed with the Chelsea Pensioner!

A quieter afternoon programme saw Brian going to tea with the residents of The British Retirement Home in São Pedro do Estoril.  He gave them a short talk on life at the Royal Hospital Chelsea and how he came to be part of it all and then made time to speak to everyone present individually. The residents greatly enjoyed having him there and apparently spoke about his scarlet uniform for days afterwards.

Sunday 10th was the day for the British Service of Remembrance at St. George´s Anglican Church in Lisbon, which is always very well attended and included diplomats, members of different Armed Forces serving with NATO, Portuguese delegates, and of course many members of the local community. Fortunately again it was dry and sunny as everyone gathered round the Memorial Cross for the laying of wreaths before the Church service. 11 wreaths were laid, Brian laid his on behalf of the Royal Hospital Chelsea. Two minutes silence were observed and buglers from the Exército played their versions of the  Last Post and Reveille. An uplifting service then took place in the church where the Chaplain had several assistants and the Church of Scotland Minister gave the Sermon. It was particularly nice that six young children were asked to give readings which they did beautifully.

British Service of Remembrance at
St. George's Anglican Church, Lisbon
Brian laying a wreath at the British Service of Remembrance

Back outside in the sunshine, Brian was approached by the Chefe of the Bombeiros Voluntários de Lisboa to lay their wreath on the grave of Darlaston Shore, an Englishman who was a founder of their organisation and is buried at St. George´s. In the meantime, Colonel Faustino Hilário, representing the Liga dos Combatentes, was so impressed that a Chelsea Pensioner had come over to Lisbon that he promptly took off his Liga tie and presented it to Brian as a memento!

The British Embassy kindly invited everyone present at St. George´s back to the Embassy for a reception, hosted by the Deputy Head of Mission, Joanna Kuenssberg O´Sullivan. The lovely grounds of the Residence were the perfect setting for everyone of all ages to socialise and enjoy the plentiful food and drink. Jo introduced Brian and he entertained everyone with tales of his life as a Chelsea Pensioner. All in all, it was a memorable day.

Monday 11th being Armistice Day, it was fitting that Brian went to visit a class of 11 year olds at the International Preparatory School.  They had been studying World War II, the reasons for Remembrance Sunday and so on, and were full of questions to ask a Chelsea Pensioner - though on arrival a few younger children thought he might have been Father Christmas come early.

Lunch by the sea then it was back to Blighty for an old soldier.  He had a marvellous visit, and was overwhelmed by the kindness and hospitality shown to him. Special thanks must go to The Royal British Club who sponsored his air fare and to Mark Hanmer, the Lisbon representative of The Royal British Legion who organised his programme.

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Monday, 11 November 2013

Remembrance at the Royal Hospital Chelsea

One of the busiest times of year at the Royal Hospital Chelsea is the period of Remembrance. As well as participating in high profile events, such as the Festival of Remembrance and marching on the cenotaph, the Chelsea Pensioners travel far and wide to attend Remembrance Services across the globe.

Many travel to their home town, whilst others travel to new places such as Bahrain and Portugal. All do so as volunteers and ambassadors for the Royal Hospital Chelsea, remembering those that they have lost along the way.

Below you can see where they travelled this year.
Chelsea Pensioners attending Remembrance Services 2013

If you would like to find out more about the Chelsea Pensioners, or to make a donation to to show your support, you can do so here.

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